an airplane wing in the sky

Is British Airways, British? In many ways, yes, but in many ways, no. It’s an internationally owned airline, with the main shareholders based in Qatar and Spain, as part of the International Airlines Group (IAG).

The airline is a massive employer in the UK, and represents a key framework for international travel from the UK, and perhaps that’s why the airline just received a £2bn loan, backed by the UK Government. Does it create an uneven playing field? Perhaps, but what isn’t uneven these days.

British Airways £2BN Loan

British Airways has played a treacherous game of ‘bailout’ during covid-19, which a cynic could easily call hypocritical. Willie Walsh, former head of IAG actively sought to keep the UK Government from bailing out the sector in the early days of the covid-19 pandemic, in hopes that other airlines would fail, thus strengthening the cash rich IAG Group’s position in the UK with British Airways.

But then, quietly, IAG began to realize the catastrophic scale of the pandemic, the long term impacts on business travel and the existential crisis ahead. A swift new series of bailout loans in Europe began across the IAG group, and now an additional £2BN loan specifically for cash-strapped BA was quietly filed in the midnight hour of New Years Eve.

The airline recently resorted to selling excess first class crockery, in an amusing gag to tighten up finances, and has retreated from global gateways in recent weeks.

a large airplane flying over a runway

Complex Aviation World

The new £2BN loan gives British Airways a waft of cash to strengthen its position, which creates a somewhat uneven playing field in the UK itself. Yes, many European countries have bailed out national carriers, including Lufthansa in Germany, Air France in France and KLM in the Netherlands, but as an airline predominantly owned by Qatar Airways via the airline’s majority share in BA parent company IAG, propping up BA is a different game, with more entanglement.

Other airlines in the UK have not benefited from state backed loans of this magnitude to date. The new British Airways loan is £2BN in funding from global banks, but mostly backed by the UK Government via its Export Development Guarantee. British Airways recently pulled out of 18 international gateways, in a signal that the airline will be smaller in the long term.

The new funding should help British Airways continue to invest in seats, fleets and technology to boost sales and efficiency as travel begins to rebound in the second half of 2021, rather than continue its retreat out of key cities.

Whether other airlines will be able to draw cash and access credit facilities with backing from the UK Government remains to be seen, and British Airways promises not to issue any dividends to parent company IAG until the loans are paid off.

Government Backed Loans And Bailouts

Globally, airlines using bailout funds to prop up share buybacks, or reward investors has been a key issue as the public gives more scrutiny to the appropriation of funds, or state backed loans. The UK Government, and therefore its taxpayers would be on the hook for either all, or a very large percentage of the loan, if BA were to default. Given IAG’s £8BN in cash and credit reserves, it’s highly unlikely though.

US based Airlines, including BA joint venture partner American Airlines (AA) have been in the crosshairs recently, after it emerged that bailout funds from the 2008 crisis were primarily used to strengthen shareholder value, rather than to protect jobs or innovate in any meaningful way. In fact, much of the money was spent on government lobbying to stymie efforts from new competitors.

As airline continue mass layoffs in 2021, the same questions of public benefit remain.

For British Airways fans, it means the airline will be in a stronger position financially than much of the competition heading into 2021 travels, and if the funds are used well, it could be an exciting year for the airline, and its customers.

Gilbert Ott

Gilbert Ott is an ever curious traveler and one of the world's leading travel experts. His adventures take him all over the globe, often spanning over 200,000 miles a year and his travel exploits are regularly...

Join the Conversation


  1. Surely AA is a code share partner not a Joint venture partner No cross shareholding or am i mistaken?

    1. Don’t even get me started on that it makes me so angry !!!! BA isn’t a British company so are we throwing £2billion at it simply because it’s got British in the title ?!?! I think Richard Branson missed a trick, he could changed the company name to British Virgin Atlantic and got the bailout he needed

      1. It’s parent company maybe Spanish but we are still talking about a huge amount of direct and indirect UK jobs. Not to mention the very different ‘offer’ that Virgin has.

        1. Yes, VS clean and maintain their cabins, load the advertised catering and generally answer their phones.

  2. The Airlines flew the Pandemic into country in the first place.
    They should be made to suffer, let them go bust !

    1. Because of course it wouldn’t have got in via ferry or Eurostar? The mistake lies in the government not mandating quarantine for all the passengers coming in or closing the border (like other island Nations such as NZ, AU’s etc) to all but trade

    1. BA doesn’t have share dividends as you can’t buy BA shares. IAG shares are the option and it cancelled payment of last years Dividend.

      1. …having made record breaking dividend payments for each of the preceding 3years,while continuing to cut service levels and failing to invest in infrastructure (I don’t count essential fleet replacement with inferior densified cabins in much more economically efficient airframes as investment since the alternative would be fleet reduction).

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *